Get hold of a Moog Synthesiser if you can; they are great for learning sound design and are a classic everyone should have. If you can’t afford one yet here are some tips to create authentic Moog Mini Moog Model D sounds in Vital. Here are some basic ideas which I expand on Part 2. In Part 3 i will cover some more Minim Moog sounds too.
Download the Free Preset which demonstrates some of the tips.
Watch the videos here or keep reading.
TIP 1 – Basic Shapes
Limit your waveforms to basic shapes. Luckily Vital already comes with a Basic Shapes waveform which you can use. To be more precise ditch the Sine Wave and add a cross between a saw wave and a triangle to OSC 1. For OSC3 replace this cross saw/triangle with a reverse sawtooth (Watch the video to see how)
For OSC1 use triangular, triangular/sawtooth (OSC 1&2), reverse sawtooth (OSC3 only) sawtooth, square, medium pulse and narrow pulse.
TIP 2 – Low Pass Filter
Add a low pass Filter. Use subtractive synthesis to alter the timbre of your sound. The Model D had one filter so limit your sound palette likewise. The Moog Model D had its own filter envelope Controls to adjust the filter overtime. This can be done in Vital by using ENV2 and dragging it onto Filter 1. A short Attack Decay and Sustain will not make much difference whereas a longer Attack and Release or both will give a distinctive Moog sweeping sound.
TIP 3 Ladder Filter
Use a Ladder Filter set to 24dB just like the Moog Model D.
Adjust the Cutoff frequency, and resonance and make sure you use a Ladder 24dB for an authentic sound. Use ENV 2 to shape the filter sweep.
TIP 4 Amount of Contour
The Model D only has 1 filter to adjust the cutoff frequency but it also has a knob to adjust the amount of the filter contour. Replicate this by adding a ladder filter to Filter 2. Add a low pass filter to adjust the overall amount of frequency which the cutoff frequency of Filter 1 can adjust. This gives the “Amount of Contour affect”. Make life easier by adjusting it via one of your Macro knobs.
TIP 5 Filter Emphasis
Add a macro to adjust the resonance of Filter 1. This is equivalent to the Filter Emphasis knob on the Model D.
TIP 6 Adjust the Pitch
Adjust the pitch of the Oscillators to create a fuller sound. All 3 Model D Oscillators could be tuned one or two Octaves higher or lower. Try slightly detuning them by a few cents one oscillator positively and the other by a similar negative amount to recreate the analog tuning adjustments that had to be done by hand either deliberately to spread the depth of sound or because the synth had not warmed up!
TIP 7 Voices
Adjust the number of voices to one as the Moog D is a monosynth.
TIP 8 Pink and White Noise
The Model D uses White Noise or Pink noise to add additional colour to its sound or as a modulation source. So try incorporating ideas using the Vital Pink and White noise samples into your sound.
TIP 9 Glide
Make use of the Glide to create some of those well known cool arpeggiated Moog leads.
Putting all the Tips together you should have something that looks like this. Click here for the Free Preset.
Click here for PART 2 which introduces more advanced concepts such as Mini Moog modulation.